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On the 25th of February, the Greek Government passed (and published on the Government Gazette) a Legislative Act termed "Urgent Measures for Avoidance and Restriction of Spreading Coronavirus (COVID-19)".
The measures contained in the 5 Articles of the Legislative Act may be imposed and had they come into effect, they should further be defined by Ministerial Decisions of the competent Ministries.
If these measures are finally imposed (depending on the spread of the disease) they shall be reasoned and grounded upon a documented, imminent necessity for Public Health.
Greece is still unaffected by COVID-19 at the time of writing of this update and none of the measures referred to in the Legislative Act have been imposed yet.
The scope and purpose of the Legislative Act is hence preventive.
Failure to conform with Article 1 of the Legislative Act may result to imprisonment of a maximum term of two years.
Article 1 is the most important article of the Legislative Act. In a nutshell - it sets out that:
a. Vaccinations, medical and laboratory tests, medical checks & preventive hospitalization will be mandatory on persons about whom there is suspicion they may contaminate others.
b. The above measures set out in a. shall also apply for persons who have traveled from jurisdictions/areas of a wide spread of the disease.
c. Preventive checks on airports, train stations, ports, points of entry to - exit from - Greece may be imposed.
d. Temporary limitation - in whole or in part - of traveling to (from) countries that the disease is widespread may be imposed.
e. Temporary confinement of the persons referred to in paragraphs a. and b. above is also possible.
f. Temporary suspension of churches', schools' and educational facilities' operations may be imposed.
g. Temporary suspension of operation of cinemas, theaters, sports' facilities, restaurants and bars, private businesses, public authorities may be imposed.
h. Temporary suspension of transportation with vehicles may be imposed.
i. Confinement at home for groups of persons or persons residing within a particular geographic area may be imposed.
As aforementioned Greece is still unaffected by COVID-19 at the time of writing of this update and none of the measures referred to in the Legislative Act have been imposed yet.
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About the Author |
Ioannis Valmas LLB, LLM, (MSc) is Managing Partner at Valmas Associates and a Greek trial attorney and legal advisor that has represented – almost exclusively – since 2008, overseas clients (from government bodies to private individuals) for their administrative, business and personal legal matters in Greece gaining a stellar reputation abroad. He has lived abroad for almost a decade and earned several degrees from UK Universities. He has attended seminars at US Universities (Harvard and Stanford Law Schools). He has been a member of the Athens Bar Association for over a decade. He is appointed before the Court of Appeals and licensed to practice law throughout the territory of the Hellenic Republic, Greece. His writings on Greek Real Estate Law, Aviation Law and Shipping have been widely published in recent years by publishers in Greece and abroad.